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Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus

Second-winter, January 2004


Great Black-backed Gull 2W

A. R. Dean

Note intricate, variegated pattern of scapulars and coverts. This individual has a plumage basically similar to first-winter, but the extensively pale bill, the second-generation primaries, with relatively rounded tips and pale 'half-moons', and the rather plain greater coverts indicate that it is second-winter. Birds of this age often, but not always show, some black feathering emerging on the mantle. Click here for an example.

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